Posts: 157 Threads: 30 Joined: Mar 2019 Reputation: **0** Likes received: 1 Mar-27-2019, 12:33 PM (This post was last modified: Mar-27-2019, 12:58 PM by Yoriz. Edited 1 time in total. *Edit Reason: Title* ) This program should find the difference between the integral of a specific function and the number obtained with the trapezoid formula. I expect to get some values within a range so I can graph them, but instead this is what I am getting: generator object <genexpr> at 0x000001A1B1A66F48 a=0
b=1
n=500
h=(b-a)/(n)
def f(x):
return x**2
def trapezoidal(f,a,b,n):
return (h/2)*(f(a)+f(b))+h*( sum(f(a+h*i) for i in range(1, (n-1))) )
print(trapezoidal(f,a,b,n))
lambda x: f(x)
c= integrate.quad(f,0,1)
print(c)
error=(abs(trapezoidal-c) for n in range (300,900))
print(error)
Posts: 4,259 Threads: 78 Joined: Sep 2016 Reputation: **253** Likes received: 917 line 24 - using () brackets makes it generator expression use square brackets and it will be list comprehension (i.e. if you want to see the numbers when print) Posts: 157 Threads: 30 Joined: Mar 2019 Reputation: **0** Likes received: 1 Mar-27-2019, 01:03 PM (This post was last modified: Mar-27-2019, 01:05 PM by Yoriz. Edited 1 time in total.) sorry, I think I posted this in the wrong forum. *Yoriz* wrote Mar-27-2019, 01:05 PM:It's ok I moved it Posts: 1,117 Threads: 28 Joined: Sep 2016 Reputation: **92** Likes received: 250 Try print(list(error)) And then look up generator expressions Posts: 157 Threads: 30 Joined: Mar 2019 Reputation: **0** Likes received: 1 I changed () to [] on line 24 and added 'list' to 25 but now I get an error "unsupported operand type(s) for -: 'function' and 'tuple'" here is the new code: a=0
b=1
n=500
h=(b-a)/(n)
def f(x):
return x**2
def trapezoidal(f,a,b,n):
return (h/2)*(f(a)+f(b))+h*( sum(f(a+h*i) for i in range(1, (n-1))) )
print(trapezoidal(f,a,b,n))
lambda x: f(x)
c= integrate.quad(f,0,1)
print(c)
error=[abs(trapezoidal-c) for n in range (200,900) ]
print(list(error))
Posts: 329 Threads: 3 Joined: Jun 2018 Reputation: **23** Likes received: 55 from scipy import integrate
a=0
b=1
n=500
h=(b-a)/(n)
def f(x):
return x**2
def trapezoidal(f,a,b,n):
return (h/2)*(f(a)+f(b))+h*( sum(f(a+h*i) for i in range(1, (n-1))))
print(trapezoidal(f,a,b,n))
# Why this?
lambda x: f(x)
c= integrate.quad(f,0,1)
print(c)
error=(abs(trapezoidal(f,a,b,n)-c[0]) for n in range (300,900))
for idx, i in enumerate(error):
print(idx, i)
Posts: 157 Threads: 30 Joined: Mar 2019 Reputation: **0** Likes received: 1 and by the way, this thread is still here. Are you sure you moved it? Posts: 1,117 Threads: 28 Joined: Sep 2016 Reputation: **92** Likes received: 250 I moved it here because the issue is a general coding issue not data science Posts: 157 Threads: 30 Joined: Mar 2019 Reputation: **0** Likes received: 1 thank you. I have changed line 24-25 with this code error=(abs(trapezoidal(f,a,b,n)-c[0]) for n in range (300,900))
print(list(error))
and it works, however, I am not understanding the meaning of c[0], I just notice that if I write just 'c' I get an error. What does the 0 stand for? It looks like is the first element of a list, but c is the outcome of the integral so I am not sure what is the relationship between the integral and the list. Posts: 329 Threads: 3 Joined: Jun 2018 Reputation: **23** Likes received: 55 Mar-27-2019, 01:40 PM (This post was last modified: Mar-27-2019, 01:41 PM by gontajones.) In fact `c` is the return of the `integrate.quad()` from scipy.integrate.quad. And it returns a Tuple: >>> c= integrate.quad(f,0,1)
>>> print(c)
(0.33333333333333337, 3.700743415417189e-15)
So you need to get the first element of this tuple (index=0) to get only the integral of function `f` .
BTW I'm just checking the code...not the math! |